小麦TaLEC1基因的克隆及其表达特性分析
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引用本文:刘 豪,王艳丽,孟晓丹,王新国,李永春,任江萍.小麦TaLEC1基因的克隆及其表达特性分析[J].西北植物学报,2019,39(5):904~910
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刘 豪1,王艳丽1,孟晓丹1,王新国1,2,李永春1,2,任江萍1,2* (1 河南农业大学 农学院郑州 4500022 国家小麦工程技术研究中心郑州 450002) 
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2017YFD0301101)
中文摘要:为了探讨LEC1基因在小麦(Triticum aestivum L)非生物胁迫应答中的功能,该研究通过RT PCR结合RACE技术克隆小麦TaLEC1基因,并采用qRT PCR方法分析了该基因在小麦不同组织以及不同处理下的表达模式,为深入研究小麦LEC1基因在干旱、高温和高盐胁迫下的响应机制奠定基础。结果表明:(1)成功克隆到小麦TaLEC1基因,该基因cDNA序列全长为1 074 bp,其中5′端非编码区23 bp,开放阅读框为741 bp,3′端非编码区310 bp,编码246个氨基酸,具有典型的CBFD_NFYB结构域。(2)实时荧光定量分析显示,TaLEC1在不同组织间表达差异显著,10 d龄幼苗的叶中表达量最高。(3)TaLEC1基因可被植物激素ABA诱导而上调表达,属于ABA依赖型的表达调控通路。(4)PEG模拟干旱胁迫处理后的0.5~1 h,TaLEC1基因呈上调表达;42 ℃胁迫处理过程中,TaLEC1基因呈稳定上调表达趋势,并在胁迫处理后12 h和48 h时表达急剧上调,分别为对照的52.8倍和34.5倍;NaCl胁迫处理0.5 h时TaLEC1基因迅速上调表达。研究表明,小麦TaLEC1基因参与ABA依赖的胁迫响应,推测可能在小麦耐受高温胁迫和渗透胁迫过程中发挥着重要的脱水保护功能。
中文关键词:小麦  LEC1克隆  非生物胁迫  基因表达
 
Cloning and Expression Analysis of TaLEC1 Gene from Wheat
Abstract:In order to explore the function of LEC1 gene to abiotic stress response in wheat, we cloned a TaLEC1 gene from wheat using RT PCR combined with RACE technology. The expression patterns of TaLEC1 from different tissues of wheat and under different stress treatments were analyzed by real time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qRT PCR). These would be provided a foundation for the drought, high temperature and high salt response mechanism study of LEC1 gene in wheat. The results showed that: (1) the full length cDNA sequence of TaLEC1 was successfully cloned. The length of cDNA sequence of TaLEC1 is 1 074 bp, contains a 741 bp open reading frame (ORF), with 23 bp in the 5′ UTR and 310 bp in the 3′ UTR. TaLEC1 was predicted to encode a 246 amino acid protein with typical CBFD_NFYB domain. (2) Real time quantitative PCR (qRT PCR) analysis showed that there were significant differences in the expression levels of TaLEC1 among different tissues and the highest expression was found in 10 d leaves. (3) TaLEC1 could be up regulated by plant hormone ABA and belongs to ABA dependent expression regulation pathway. (4) During PEG simulated drought stress, TaLEC1 was induced to up regulate expression within 0.5~1 h of stress treatment. The expression of TaLEC1 showed a stable up regulation trend during the whole 42 ℃ stress process and the expression level was sharply up regulated under 12 h and 48 h of stress treatments, to 52.8 and 34.5 times of that of the control, respectively. TaLEC1 was rapidly up regulated within 0.5 h of high salt stress treatments. These research have shown that TaLEC1 is involved in ABA dependent stress response in wheat, suggesting that it may play an important dehydration protection function in wheat tolerance to high temperature and osmotic stress.
keywords:wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)  LEC1 clone  abiotic stress  gene expression
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