库姆塔格沙漠典型植物种群年龄结构特征*
投稿时间:2011-07-25  修订日期:2011-08-22  点此下载全文
引用本文:袁宏波,张锦春,褚建民,等.库姆塔格沙漠典型植物种群年龄结构特征*[J].西北植物学报,2011,31(11):0
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袁宏波 甘肃省荒漠化与风沙灾害防治重点实验室-省部共建国家重点实验室培育基地#$NL 甘肃省治沙研究所 piceayhb@163.com 
张锦春 甘肃省荒漠化与风沙灾害防治重点实验室-省部共建国家重点实验室培育基地#$NL 甘肃省治沙研究所  
褚建民 中国林业科学研究院林业研究所  
唐进年 甘肃省荒漠化与风沙灾害防治重点实验室-省部共建国家重点实验室培育基地#$NL 甘肃省治沙研究所  
丁峰 甘肃省荒漠化与风沙灾害防治重点实验室-省部共建国家重点实验室培育基地#$NL 甘肃省治沙研究所  
刘淑娟 甘肃省荒漠化与风沙灾害防治重点实验室-省部共建国家重点实验室培育基地#$NL 甘肃省治沙研究所  
中文摘要:基于实地调查,以基径和高度分级数据为依据,通过年龄锥和年龄结构拟合函数分析研究了库姆塔格沙漠三个典型种群的年龄结构特征和种群生长状态及发展趋势。结果表明:梭梭种群年龄结构呈反“J”型曲线,目前属于稳定增长型种群,但因其幼苗数量相对较少使其增长受限;沙生柽柳种群年龄结构呈“铃”型曲线,虽然表现出类似稳定型种群特征,但由于幼龄植株数量很小,中龄级的植株数量比例较大,种群存在衰退威胁;胡杨种群年龄结构具有一定的特殊性,呈反转“S”型曲线,中、大龄级植株数量保证了种群能够维持一定的稳定状态,而幼龄级数量较大,使种群具有一定的增长潜力。三个典型种群各自年龄结构特征使其面临着不同程度的生存威胁,必须采取不同的保护措施以维持种群结构的稳定和发展。
中文关键词:种群年龄结构  梭梭  沙生柽柳  胡杨  年龄锥  库姆塔格沙漠
 
Characteristics of the Populations Age Structureof Three Typical Plantin Kumtag Desert
Abstract:Based on the spot investigation, taking the height and ground diameter data as the basis, according to the age pyramid and the fitting equation of age structure, the age structure characteristics, growth status and development trend of the three typical populations of Kumtage desert were studied. The results showed that the age structure of H. ammodendron population was inverted “J” shape curve, and the population was currently in rising stage and was stability. The growth was limited because of their relatively small seedlings number. The age structure of T. taklamakanensis population showed a "bell" shape curve, and it showed similar stabile population characteristics. Bing of the very small number of seedling and the larger proportion of middle age class plants, the development of the population will tend to decline. The age structure of P. euphratica Oliv population has a certain peculiarities and showed a reverse "S" curves. The proportion quantity of middle class and older class plants maintained certain stability, and the large quantity of the small class plant make population has increasing potential. Their own age structure characteristics of three typical populations made them face the different degree threat of survival. So it was necessary to take different protection measures to maintain the population structure's stability and development.
keywords:Population age structure  H. ammodendron  T. taklamakanensis  P. euphratica Oliv  Age pyramid  Kumtag desert
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