【Objective】 The study aims to explore the responsive and adapted routine of leaf functional traits of Atractylodes chinensis to Horqin sandland. 【Methods】 Through a homogeneous gardening experiment, selection of semi-wild Atractylodes chinensis (DC.) Koidz. seeds from four seed sources were transplanted to the Chinese (Mongolian) medicinal herb research base in Naiman Banner. The leaves of three-year-old A. chinensis were used as research materials. The purpose of this experiment was to examine how A. chinensis''s leaf structure and functional properties responded to and adapted to the sandy land of Horqin. 【Results】 The findings indicated that the degree of leaf cleavage in the lower portion of the A. chinensis introduced from Zhalute Banner was more evident;additionally, the thickness of the upper and lower epidermal cells of the leaves of the A. chinensis introduced from Weichang County and Zhalute Banner were found to have significantly higher coefficients of variation and plasticity indices than those of the other seed source sites; additionally, their fenestration sea ratios and the tightness of their tissues and structures were greater;The top layer of A. chinensis leaves from Arong Banner and Zhalute Banner sources had a greater number of stomata,whereas the upper layer of A. chinensis leaves from Harqin Banner had a very tiny number of stomata and a low stomatal density.A. chinensis leaves from the Zhalute Banner and Weichang County sources had a robust photosynthetic capacity,and the leaves from the Harqin Banner sources had a notably greater number of stomata in the lower epidermis than the leaves from the other three sources. 【Conclusion】 Comprehensive investigation revealed that A. chinensis from Weichang County and Zhalute Banner were highly adaptable to the Horqin Sandy soil.