2,4-表油菜素内酯对盐碱胁迫下芸豆幼苗生长及生理特性的影响
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甘肃农业大学

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国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)


Effect of 2,4-epibrassinolide on the growth and physiological characteristics of common bean seedings under saline and alkaline stresses
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    摘要:

    【目的】探讨外源2,4-表油菜素内酯(2,4-EBR)缓解芸豆幼苗盐碱胁迫伤害的生理机制,为应用2,4-EBR缓解豆类植物盐碱胁迫提供理论依据。【方法】以盆栽‘山西红芸豆’幼苗为材料,研究了在100mmol/L(50mmol/L NaCl+50mmol/LNaHCO3)盐碱胁迫下,喷施0.1mg/L 2,4-EBR和4.0mg/L油菜素内酯抑制剂芸苔素唑( BRZ)对幼苗生长、光合气体参数、抗氧化酶活性和渗透调节物质含量的影响。【结果】盐碱胁迫下芸豆叶片卷缩枯萎,株高、叶面积、主根长、合色素含量、净光合速率(Pn)、蒸腾速率(Tr)、气孔导度(Gs)均显著下降(P<0.05),脯氨酸(Pro)、可溶性糖(SS)含量以及超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)、过氧化物酶(POD)、过氧化氢酶(CAT)和抗坏血酸过氧化物酶(APX)活性,相对电导率(REC)、丙二醛(MDA)和胞间二氧化碳浓度(Ci)显著升高(P<0.05)。外源喷施2,4-EBR处理能够缓解盐碱胁迫下造成的叶片枯萎和卷缩,植株生长状况逐渐变好,同时有效降低幼苗叶片REC、MDA和Ci,显著提高株高、叶面积、主根长、Pro、SS、Pn、Tr和Gs以及SOD、POD、CAT和APX活性,但外源2,4-EBR诱导的这些芸豆抗盐碱效应在加入BRZ后受到逆转。【结论】外源2,4-EBR处理能够通过提高芸豆叶片抗氧化系统酶活性和渗透调节物质含量来减轻盐碱胁迫造成的膜脂过氧化伤害,有效解除盐碱胁迫下芸豆幼苗光合作用减弱的非气孔限制因素,维持幼苗光合活性,促进幼苗生长,增强芸豆幼苗的抗盐碱能力。

    Abstract:

    Abstract 【Objective】In order to explore the physiological mechanism of exogenous 2,4-epibrassinolide (2,4-EBR) in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) seedlings under saline-alkali stress conditions.【Methods】Using 'Shanxi Red Common Bean' as the test material, we studied the effects of saline-alkali stress at 100mmol/L (50mmol/LNaCl+50mmol/LNaHCO3, XP), effects of exogenous spraying of 0.1 mg/L 2,4-EBR and 4.0 mg/L Brassinozole (BRZ) on the growth, photosynthetic gas parameters, antioxidant enzyme activity and osmotic adjustment substance content of common bean seedlings , and perform correlation and principal component analysis.【Results】Under saline-alkali stress, common bean leaves curled and withered, and plant height, leaf area, main root length, synthetic pigment content, net photosynthetic rate (Pn), transpiration rate (Tr), and stomatal conductance (Gs) all decreased significantly (P<0.05) , proline (Pro), soluble sugar (SS) content and superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT) and ascorbic acid peroxidase (APX) activities, Relative conductivity (REC), malondialdehyde (MDA) and intercellular carbon dioxide concentration (Ci) were significantly increased (P<0.05). Exogenous spraying of 2,4-EBR can alleviate the wilting and curling of leaves caused by salt-alkali stress, and the plant growth condition gradually improves.?At the same time, it effectively reduces the REC, MDA and Ci of seedling leaves, and significantly increases plant height, leaf area, Primary root length, Pro, SS, Pn, Tr and Gs as well as SOD, POD, CAT and APX activities, but these salt-alkali resistance effects of common beans induced by exogenous 2,4-EBR were reversed after adding BRZ.【Conclusion】 Exogenous 2,4-EBR treatment can reduce membrane lipid peroxidation damage caused by salt-alkali stress by increasing antioxidant system enzyme activity and osmotic adjustment substance content in common bean leaves. It effectively removes the non-stomatal limiting factors that weaken the photosynthesis of common bean seedlings under saline-alkali stress, maintains the photosynthetic activity of the seedlings, promotes seedling growth, and enhances the salt-alkali resistance of common bean seedlings.

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  • 收稿日期:2024-03-04
  • 最后修改日期:2024-04-16
  • 录用日期:2024-04-17
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